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Author Topic: CNS symptoms common in people taking raltegravir  (Read 1513 times)

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Online Miss Philicia

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CNS symptoms common in people taking raltegravir
« on: October 10, 2012, 09:52:14 AM »
via aidsmap:

CNS symptoms common in people taking raltegravir

Published: 10 October 2012

Approximately 10% of patients taking the antiretroviral drug raltegravir (Isentress) develop central nervous system (CNS) side-effects, research published in the online edition of AIDS shows. The development of CNS side-effects was associated with the co-administration of tenofovir (Viread, also in Truvada, Atripla and Eviplera) and of proton pump inhibitors (drugs used to reduce gastric acid). The investigators believe these drugs interact with raltegravir, increasing its plasma concentrations.

Raltegravir is the only integrase inhibitor so far approved for the treatment of HIV. Clinical trials conducted during the development of raltegravir showed that the drug had a good safety profile. However, some people developed CNS symptoms and there have been case reports of worsening depression and the development of insomnia in people initiating raltegravir therapy.

Italian investigators therefore looked at the prevalence of and risk factors for CNS side-effects in people taking raltegravir in routine HIV care.

Their study sample included 453 raltegravir-treated participants.  They were monitored at six-monthly intervals, when they were asked if they had developed CNS symptoms such as headache, dizziness, anxiety, depression and sleep disturbances.

Two-thirds of the participants were men and their median age was 46 years. The mean CD4 cell count was 378 cells/mm3 and mean viral load was 1250 copies/ml. The participants were followed for a median of 23 months.

During this time, 47 individuals (10%) developed at least one drug-related CNS side-effect.

Four people stopped taking their therapy because of CNS symptoms.

There was evidence that the risk of CNS symptoms was increased by certain drug interactions.

Symptoms developed in 14% of participants who were taking the anti-HIV drug tenofovir, compared to 7% of those who were taking an alternative antiretroviral (p = 0.03). CNS symptoms were observed in 26% of people taking a proton pump inhibitor, compared to 9% of individuals who were not taking this type of therapy (p = 0.006).

After controlling for potential confounders, the investigators found that concomitant treatment with tenofovir almost doubled the risk of CNS symptoms (OR = 1.9; 95% CI, 1.0-3.5, p =0.04), whereas treatment with a proton pump inhibitor was associated with a more than three-fold increase in the risk of these symptoms (OR = 3.4; 95% CI, 1.3-8.8, p = 0.01).

The authors draw attention to the results of pharmacokinetic studies that showed that tenofovir can increase plasma levels of raltegravir by up to 64%, and that proton pump inhibitors can increase raltegravir levels by up to 415%.

“Our data suggest a possible correlation between high raltegravir plasma concentrations and CNS symptoms,” write the authors.

They recommend “a careful evaluation of patients with psychiatric disease prior to starting raltegravir and a continuous monitoring of CNS symptoms in clinical practice in those starting the drug”. The authors also stress the need to check for drug interactions than could lead to an increase in raltegravir levels. Therapeutic drug level monitoring could be useful, they suggest, for people experiencing CNS symptoms.

“Further prospective studies are needed to better clarify risk factors, the role of drug-interactions and the clinical significance of CNS symptoms in patients receiving raltegravir,” conclude the researchers.
"I’ve slept with enough men to know that I’m not gay"

Offline Ann

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Re: CNS symptoms common in people taking raltegravir
« Reply #1 on: October 11, 2012, 06:31:32 AM »
Hey Miss P, I decided to move this thread into the Treatment forum as it's not getting many reads in the Research forum. A lot of people are on Isentress and they'd be more likely to go into the Treatment forum for information like this, rather than the Research forum.

:)
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"...health will finally be seen not as a blessing to be wished for, but as a human right to be fought for." Kofi Annan

Nymphomaniac: a woman as obsessed with sex as an average man. Mignon McLaughlin

HIV is certainly character-building. It's made me see all of the shallow things we cling to, like ego and vanity. Of course, I'd rather have a few more T-cells and a little less character. Randy Shilts

Offline newt

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Re: CNS symptoms common in people taking raltegravir
« Reply #2 on: October 11, 2012, 10:44:59 AM »
Another case of science that is not news but gets written up by science writers as news. The 10% rate is similar to the rate seen in the Phase 3 studies for raltegravir. This said, I do find the tenofovir interaction an interesting pointer.

Importantly, the reported discontinuation rate for CNS side effects was around 1% - so much better than efavirenz, but perhaps also sommat to consider here: how many of the people needed to stay on raltegravir because of resistance?

- matt
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Offline Billy B

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Re: CNS symptoms common in people taking raltegravir
« Reply #3 on: October 11, 2012, 01:39:58 PM »
Miss P,
Thanks for the article it was a good read. I am not having any problems as of yet but I will pass a copy of this to my IDS. Since he is at a research hospital his department tends to focus on what is relevant to their experiences.
Billy
VL 4420 CD4 340 CD4% 24   3/15/10 Started I&T
VL  UD   CD4 340 CD4% 26.5 05/13/10
VL  UD   CD4 360 CD4% 27.1 08/3/10
VL  UD   CD4 310 CD4% 28.4 11/22/10
VL  UD   CD4 420 CD4% 27.9 02/11/11
VL  UD   CD4 370 CD4% 26.4 06/08/11
VL  UD   CD4 360 CD4% 27.7 09/23/11
VL  UD   CD4 370 CD4% 28.3 01/20/12
VL  UD   CD4 430 CD4% 28.8 05/11/12
VL  UD   CD4 370 CD4% 28.1 09/07/12
VL  UD   CD4 390 CD4% 32.3 03/14/13

Offline mikeyb39

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Re: CNS symptoms common in people taking raltegravir
« Reply #4 on: October 11, 2012, 01:48:17 PM »
How does one get or request therapuetic levels?  is there a particular test for this?  ive wondered about it for some time
11/02/2010  cd4-251, vl-591000
12/09/2010  started Atripla
02/18/2011  cd4-425, vl-800
06/10/2011  cd4-447, vl-70
10/10/2011  cd4-666, vl-80
01/05/2012  swiched med (prezista,norvir ,isentress, )
02/10/2012  cd4-733, vl-UD  Viread removed
06/10/2012  cd4-614, vl-UD
12/14/2012  cd4-764, vl-UD
09/01/2013  cd4-785, vl-UD
03/06/2014. cd4- 1078, VL-UD

Offline Ann

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Re: CNS symptoms common in people taking raltegravir
« Reply #5 on: October 11, 2012, 02:08:50 PM »
How does one get or request therapuetic levels?  is there a particular test for this?  ive wondered about it for some time

It's called therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) - ask your doctor if it's available. You may find that your insurance won't cover it.
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"...health will finally be seen not as a blessing to be wished for, but as a human right to be fought for." Kofi Annan

Nymphomaniac: a woman as obsessed with sex as an average man. Mignon McLaughlin

HIV is certainly character-building. It's made me see all of the shallow things we cling to, like ego and vanity. Of course, I'd rather have a few more T-cells and a little less character. Randy Shilts

Offline mikeyb39

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Re: CNS symptoms common in people taking raltegravir
« Reply #6 on: October 11, 2012, 02:18:34 PM »
Oh ok. Thank you!
11/02/2010  cd4-251, vl-591000
12/09/2010  started Atripla
02/18/2011  cd4-425, vl-800
06/10/2011  cd4-447, vl-70
10/10/2011  cd4-666, vl-80
01/05/2012  swiched med (prezista,norvir ,isentress, )
02/10/2012  cd4-733, vl-UD  Viread removed
06/10/2012  cd4-614, vl-UD
12/14/2012  cd4-764, vl-UD
09/01/2013  cd4-785, vl-UD
03/06/2014. cd4- 1078, VL-UD

Offline madbrain

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Re: CNS symptoms common in people taking raltegravir
« Reply #7 on: October 11, 2012, 08:58:32 PM »
I have been on Prilosec - a proton pump inhibitor, for something like 10 years  ...
And I'm on truvada + isentress for the last 2.5 .
Will have to ask my doc about this interaction.

 


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