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Author Topic: HIV Persists In The Gut Despite HIV Therapy, Study Shows.  (Read 1569 times)

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Offline J220

  • Member
  • Posts: 587
HIV Persists In The Gut Despite HIV Therapy, Study Shows.
« on: February 13, 2008, 09:19:57 PM »
From http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/news/newsreleases/2008/jid_hivgut.htm , confirmation that HIV continues to replicate in the gut. Who knows what could happen if they can target and eliminate this reservoir...could it be the key??

HIV Persists in the Gut Despite Long-Term HIV Therapy
Second Study Finds that B-Cell Abnormalities Also Persist

WHAT:  Even with effective anti-HIV therapies, doctors still have not been able to eradicate the virus from infected individuals who are receiving such treatments, largely because of the persistence of HIV in hideouts known as viral reservoirs. One important reservoir is the gut, where HIV causes much of its damage due to the large number of HIV target cells that reside there. These cells, known as CD4+ T cells, are largely contained in lymph nodes and patches of lymphocytes that collectively are called gut-associated lymphoid tissue, or GALT.

Because of the importance of the gut to HIV disease, scientists hoped that long-term treatment with antiretroviral drugs could eradicate HIV from the GALT. A new NIAID study, published online by The Journal of Infectious Diseases, has found that this goal seems unlikely with current antiretroviral drugs.

Tae-Wook Chun, Ph.D., of the NIAID Laboratory of Immunoregulation (LIR), Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., LIR chief and NIAID director, and their colleagues intensively studied eight patients receiving effective antiretroviral therapy for up to 9.9 years. In each of these of these individuals, therapy had consistently kept their blood levels of HIV at undetectable levels. Sensitive tests, however, detected the persistence of HIV as well as lowered CD4+ T cell levels in the GALT that did not completely rebound in response to therapy. Levels of virus were higher in the GALT than in immune cells in the blood, where HIV also was consistently found. In addition, the scientists found evidence of cross infection between the GALT and the lymphocytes in the blood, suggesting that one reason the virus persists in the blood is because of ongoing cycles of replication in the GALT. The authors conclude that any possibility of further lowering or eliminating viral reservoirs likely will require more powerful drug regimens to stop the low levels of ongoing viral replication originating in the GALT. The development of such regimens is an important goal of NIAID-supported research.

A second study from the Fauci laboratory, conducted by Susan Moir, Ph.D., and her colleagues and also published online by The Journal of Infectious Diseases provides additional insights into the effects of antiretroviral therapy on the HIV disease process.

In most HIV-infected individuals, the virus replicates at high levels and CD4+ T-cell numbers decline. These two factors also strongly affect B cells, the cells of the immune system that make antibodies and help protect against infection. Dr. Moir and her colleagues demonstrated that prior to treatment with antiretroviral therapy, B-cell numbers in the blood of HIV-infected individuals who have been infected for several years are low, and the B cells also include several dysfunctional subsets. After one year of effective treatment with antiretroviral therapy, B-cell numbers returned to normal, and several of the dysfunctional subsets also normalized. However, those B-cells that provide long-term protection against infection--so-called memory B cells--did not return to normal levels. Dr. Moir notes that these findings strengthen the notion that while antiretroviral therapy improves many aspects of immune function in HIV-infected individuals, important deficiencies remain, especially in individuals who wait several years before initiating therapy. More studies are needed to determine whether early initiation of antiretroviral therapy helps restore the immune system more completely.
 
ARTICLES:  TW Chun et al. Persistence of HIV in gut-associated lymphoid tissue despite long-term antiretroviral therapy. The Journal of Infectious Diseases DOI: 10.1086/527324 (2008).

S Moir et al. Normalization of B cell counts and subpopulations after antiretroviral therapy in chronic HIV disease. The Journal of Infectious Diseases DOI: 10.1086/526789 (2008).
 
WHO:  Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., NIAID director and chief, NIAID Laboratory of Immunoregulation (LIR); Tae-Wook Chun, Ph.D., NIAID LIR; and Susan Moir, Ph.D., NIAID LIR, are available to comment on these articles.
 
CONTACT:  To schedule interviews, contact Laura Sivitz, (301) 402-1663,  niaidnews@niaid.nih.gov.
"Hope is my philosophy
Just needs days in which to be
Love of Life means hope for me
Born on a New Day" - John David

Offline ronaldinho

  • Member
  • Posts: 79
Re: HIV Persists In The Gut Despite HIV Therapy, Study Shows.
« Reply #1 on: February 14, 2008, 07:11:50 AM »
This topic was discussed here back in 2006.

http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=2501.0

http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=2332.0

http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=6486.0

The studies you have posted just confirm the information we had in 2006.  It remains to be answered if early initiation of HAART might reduce the harm HIV does in the gut. But if later HAART is not able to fight hiv in the gut, why would early HAART be able to do it?
« Last Edit: February 14, 2008, 07:16:40 AM by ronaldinho »

Offline J.R.E.

  • Member
  • Posts: 7,259
  • Joined Dec-2003 Living positive, since 1985.
Re: HIV Persists In The Gut Despite HIV Therapy, Study Shows.
« Reply #2 on: February 14, 2008, 07:54:15 AM »
Hi there,

This link was probably added in one of the other posts, but here it is again :

http://www.aidsmeds.com/news/am20060731.html



Ray
Current Meds ; Viramune, Epzicom, 40mg of simvastatin, 25 mg of Hydrochlorothiazide.
Metoprolol tartrate 25mg



http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=40802.0

http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=45159.0

http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=39722.msg495621;topicseen#msg495621

http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=46806.0

http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=39414.msg491701#msg491701


Diagnosed positive in 1985,.. In October of 2003, My t-cell count was 16, Viral load was over 500,000, Percentage at that time was 5%. I started on  HAART on October 24th, 2003.

 As of 8/25/14,  t-cells are at 402, Viral load <40

 Current % is at 11%

  
 62 years young.

Offline hahaha

  • Member
  • Posts: 123
Re: HIV Persists In The Gut Despite HIV Therapy, Study Shows.
« Reply #3 on: February 14, 2008, 11:41:08 PM »
Can we open a hole in the gut and inject antiviral medicine inside the gut everyday until the virus has be deleted?
Aug 9, 2006 Get infected in Japan #$%^*
Oct 2006 CD4 239
Nov 2006 CD4 299 VL 60,000
Dec 1, Sustiva, Ziagan and 3TC
Jan 07, CD4 400

Offline Jacques

  • Member
  • Posts: 171
Re: HIV Persists In The Gut Despite HIV Therapy, Study Shows.
« Reply #4 on: February 15, 2008, 12:59:42 AM »
You are not far from being right HaHaHa. ;D

An American group of searchers have recently identified a new receptor on gut specific CD4 cells called integrin alpha4 beta7 that explains why Hiv first causes massive depletion of Cd4s in that region and then spreads easily to other Cd4s of the  body. The authors are confident that this discovery will  lead to the development of a new class of antiretroviral that could inhibit this process.

abstract below:

http://www.nature.com/ni/journal/vaop/ncurrent/abs/ni1566.html

Jacques
Jacques
Living positively since 1987
latest lab :july 2010
Undetectable Cd4 1080
43% on Reyataz/Norvir/Truvada

 


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