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Author Topic: New Target For HIV/AIDS Drugs And Vaccine Discovered  (Read 1589 times)

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Offline J220

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  • Posts: 587
New Target For HIV/AIDS Drugs And Vaccine Discovered
« on: July 28, 2007, 11:43:07 PM »
From http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/07/070726120347.htm

New Target For HIV/AIDS Drugs And Vaccine Discovered

Science Daily — Researchers from Rome, Italy, describe a finding in the August 2007 print issue of The FASEB Journal that could lead to new drugs to fight the HIV/AIDS virus, as well as new vaccines to prevent infection. It has been known that HIV proteins disable the antibody-forming part of the immune system (the “homeland defense” or acquired immune system).

In this report, researchers demonstrate for the first time how the HIV-1 Nef viral protein delivers a one-two punch to the body’s  innate immune system (our “early warning system” composed of dendritic and natural killer cells). First, Nef hijacks dendritic cells (DCs) to upset the function of natural killer (NK) cells. Second, after blocking this first line of defense against the immune system, Nef uses DCs and NK cells to create a microenvironment that actually makes it easier for HIV/AIDS to replicate.

According to Maria Giovanna Quaranta of Instituto Superiore de Sanità and first author of the article, “The findings described in this work may have several implications for AIDS treatment: the understanding of Nef function, mechanism of action, and cellular partners might aid the discovery of suitable drugs able to block the activity of this smart protein.” Quaranta added, “An exciting possibility is the design of a vaccine including a mutated Nef protein unable to assist the virus in the control of its host.”

The research findings also raise another intriguing possibility: Nef proteins may be able to boost or suppress DC and NK cell activity. If so, it may prove to be a valuable new therapeutic approach for people with diseases and disorders that involve overactive or underactive immune responses. DCs and NK cells play critical roles in the body’s initial defense against infection.

DCs are instrumental in identifying foreign invaders to the body and then orchestrating an immune response that ultimately removes them. NK cells are among the first cells summoned by DCs to help isolate and contain the infection until more potent reinforcements can be manufactured to eradicate the virus or bacteria. When DC cells can no longer adequately “manage” the immune response and when NK cells can no longer contain infections, the likelihood of survival without medical intervention is relatively low.

“HIV’s relatively rapid evolution has given it an ability to handle all our bodies can throw at it and more,” said Gerald Weissmann, MD, Editor-in-Chief of The FASEB Journal. “Now that we know how the viral protein disables the innate as well as the acquired arm of our immune system, we can begin to design decoy proteins or to devise new vaccines. Millions of lives depend on our finding a way to restore both aspects of our immune defense against HIV/AIDS—this study should go a long way toward that goal.”

Note: This story has been adapted from a news release issued by Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.
"Hope is my philosophy
Just needs days in which to be
Love of Life means hope for me
Born on a New Day" - John David

Offline hahaha

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  • Posts: 123
Re: New Target For HIV/AIDS Drugs And Vaccine Discovered
« Reply #1 on: July 29, 2007, 09:55:52 AM »
I love this news.  Two reason.:
DC has been study for a while and scientist did not know how it works.  Now Nef become known and better improvement for DC vaccine can be developed.
NK is our potential hope like PD-1, if NK can be used our hope will be much better. !!
Aug 9, 2006 Get infected in Japan #$%^*
Oct 2006 CD4 239
Nov 2006 CD4 299 VL 60,000
Dec 1, Sustiva, Ziagan and 3TC
Jan 07, CD4 400

Offline NYCguy

  • Member
  • Posts: 180
Re: New Target For HIV/AIDS Drugs And Vaccine Discovered
« Reply #2 on: July 30, 2007, 11:43:41 PM »
Sounds exciting - a lot of good news coming out recently. As usual, I hope the time from discovery to development is as short as possible.  Fortunately, accelerating technology is accelerating discovery, development and everything else.  I haven't heard much about Tat for a while - not really since the whole Ensoli trial which seems to have disappeared, or at least from the media.  You read anything, J?
11/9/06 = #$%^&!
sometime early Dec 2006:
CD4 530 20%/VL >250,000 (&*$$%!!)
started Reyataz300mg/Norvir/Truvada 12-27-06.
1/30/07 CD4 540 30%/VL <400
4/07 CD4 600+ 33%/VL <50
6/9/07 CD4 720 37%/VL <50
10/15/07 CD4 891 (!) %? VL <50
1/2010 CD4 599 (37%) VL<50 (drop due to acute HCV)
9/2010 - looks like HCV is gone for good! And I'm finally drinking again, thank GOD
2013 - considering a switch to Stribild. but I love my Kidneys (but I hate farting all the time!)...
June 2013 - switched to Stribild.  so far so good...

Offline J220

  • Member
  • Posts: 587
Re: New Target For HIV/AIDS Drugs And Vaccine Discovered
« Reply #3 on: July 31, 2007, 05:36:28 PM »
Nothing at all, my friend...Ensoli has up and gone with the 60 millions euros, one would think (kidding of course). But no, there are no news to speak of on the anti-tat trial, not even on the lilachat italian forum. Regards, J.
"Hope is my philosophy
Just needs days in which to be
Love of Life means hope for me
Born on a New Day" - John David

Offline NYCguy

  • Member
  • Posts: 180
Re: New Target For HIV/AIDS Drugs And Vaccine Discovered
« Reply #4 on: August 03, 2007, 06:34:14 PM »
Just goes to show how getting our hopes up can lead to let down...you're watch and wait philosophy is the best way to keep stress down!  Any word from your contact with the guy in SF in the gene therapy trial J?
11/9/06 = #$%^&!
sometime early Dec 2006:
CD4 530 20%/VL >250,000 (&*$$%!!)
started Reyataz300mg/Norvir/Truvada 12-27-06.
1/30/07 CD4 540 30%/VL <400
4/07 CD4 600+ 33%/VL <50
6/9/07 CD4 720 37%/VL <50
10/15/07 CD4 891 (!) %? VL <50
1/2010 CD4 599 (37%) VL<50 (drop due to acute HCV)
9/2010 - looks like HCV is gone for good! And I'm finally drinking again, thank GOD
2013 - considering a switch to Stribild. but I love my Kidneys (but I hate farting all the time!)...
June 2013 - switched to Stribild.  so far so good...

 


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