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Author Topic: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV  (Read 39794 times)

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Offline Central79

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Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« on: June 27, 2007, 04:56:07 AM »
This drug is moving ahead, and is a different approach to treating HIV. Basically it increases the mutation rate of HIV, which reduces the bug's fitness and causes a collapse in the population of the virus.

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/medicalnews.php?newsid=75325

I'm not sure quite how it works with existing anti-retrovirals - you'd think it might induce resistance. But they're giving it a go as monotherapy, to see how well it works.

I guess the other drawback is that it relies on the virus replicating, and so doesn't touch on the issues of latency. I don't know which body compartments it does/does not penetrate.

Still, one to watch.
Diagnosed January 2006
26/1/06 - 860 (22%), VL > 500,000
24/4/06 - 820 (24.6%), VL 158,000
13/7/06 - 840 (22%), VL 268,000
1/11/06 - 680 (21%), VL 93,100
29/1/07 - 1,020 (27.5%), VL 46,500
15/5/07 - 1,140 (22.8%), VL not done.
13/10/07 - 759 (23.2%), VL 170,000
6/11/07 - 630 (25%), VL 19,324
14/1/08 - 650 (21%), VL 16,192
15/4/08 - 590 (21%), VL 40, 832

Offline lostboy

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #1 on: June 27, 2007, 10:57:45 AM »
What a great concept.  Let the virus mutate itself into oblivion. I'm keeping my fingers crossed for this one.
"There is no gene for the human spirit"

Offline NYCguy

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #2 on: June 27, 2007, 02:39:04 PM »
I read about this one some time ago and am glad to hear it's moving into phase 2.  I haven't read up on all the specifics, but it sounds at least somewhat promising.  Also great that it's expected to work for (and is being tested on) drug-resistant patients.
11/9/06 = #$%^&!
sometime early Dec 2006:
CD4 530 20%/VL >250,000 (&*$$%!!)
started Reyataz300mg/Norvir/Truvada 12-27-06.
1/30/07 CD4 540 30%/VL <400
4/07 CD4 600+ 33%/VL <50
6/9/07 CD4 720 37%/VL <50
10/15/07 CD4 891 (!) %? VL <50
1/2010 CD4 599 (37%) VL<50 (drop due to acute HCV)
9/2010 - looks like HCV is gone for good! And I'm finally drinking again, thank GOD
2013 - considering a switch to Stribild. but I love my Kidneys (but I hate farting all the time!)...
June 2013 - switched to Stribild.  so far so good...

Offline bimazek

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #3 on: June 27, 2007, 05:54:54 PM »


thier team seems to be brilliant from all top univsities, and have tons of money behind them

looks like a great method

is this trial in Washington state???
where the company is located or
san diego where the lead  Lead Principal Investigator for the trial?????

"KP-1461 is an investigational compound that is a truly different approach to the treatment of HIV," said Robert Schooley, M.D., Head, Division of Infectious Diseases at the University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine and the Lead Principal Investigator for the trial. "The preclinical data for KP-1461 demonstrates that HIV can be extinguished. Whether this same effect will be seen in humans is the subject of this clinical trial. While currently approved HIV treatments are designed to inhibit the growth of HIV, KP-1461 induc

http://www.koronispharma.com/about_us.htm

Offline bimazek

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #4 on: June 27, 2007, 06:05:58 PM »
this is cool...

basically they throw a wrench in the

viral reverse transcriptase (RT)

with the following 3D compound

The metabolism and activation of the prodrug to KP-1212-triphosphate, the active metabolite and substrate for viral reverse transcriptase (RT), is shown in the following figure.

http://www.koronispharma.com/pipeline.htm




this is cool too........

The Phase 1a trial was a single dose, dose escalation, placebo controlled study of KP-1461 in healthy volunteers.  It was shown to be well tolerated at each dose through the highest dose level tested.


also if it only attacks
viral reverse transcriptase (RT)
well the human body doesnt do that so inhibiting it wont hurt us so much

the body does use protease enzyme for example

wow this is based on some major science breakthrus!!!

Koronis' technology evolved initially from the original work of Manfred Eigen, Nobel Laureate at the Max Planck Institute in Gottingen, Germany.  He originated the concept of a “quasispecies” - the immensely large number of variants found in populations of virus, especially the RNA viruses (Scientific American July, 1993)

http://www.koronispharma.com/technology.htm


the concept of a critical “error threshold” that sets the bounds for the allowed error rate and resultant diversity within the population and “error catastrophe”, the collapse of the population when that error rate is exceeded.



Drs. Larry Loeb and Jim Mullins of the University of Washington and John Essigmann of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Koronis’ scientific founders, hypothesized that by presenting HIV with an error-inducing nucleoside triphosphate substrate, the viral genome mutation rate could be pushed beyond the allowable range of diversity thus extinguishing the population (Proceedings National Academy of Sciences. USA (1999) 96:1492-1497).


one of the advisors seems really smart and created a retrovirus vaccine!!!

http://www.koronispharma.com/AdvisoryBoard.htm

James I. Mullins, Ph.D., Dr. James Mullins has been actively involved in the study of lentiviruses since 1980 and is a world authority in the study of HIV evolution during the course of infection. Dr. Mullins discovered the successful vaccine to protect against the feline leukemia retrovirus FeLV. His lab developed the heteroduplex mobility assay (HMA) that has been used worldwide to track the molecular epidemiology of HIV.


Offline bimazek

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #5 on: June 27, 2007, 06:09:20 PM »

Full extinction could occur "somewhere in the range of 40 or 50 days," Elmer says.

The clinical study will evaluate whether the product -- known as KP-1461-201 -- is safe and effective in patients who have become resistant to conventional HIV treatments. Up to 32 patients will receive two daily 1600mg doses of the therapy for 124 days.

http://blog.seattletimes.nwsource.com/techtracks/

Privately held Koronis expects to have preliminary results as early as the third quarter, but the drug still has many a hoop to jump through. If all clinical trials are successful and the Food and Drug Administration gives its blessing, the product could hit the market sometime in late 2010 or 2011, Elmer says.

Offline milker

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #6 on: June 27, 2007, 06:54:56 PM »
It's an interesting concept. Problem is that patients will have to stop HAART for 6 weeks, so that's a bit scary, but I'm sure they will find 40 volunteers. Also, they don't know if the body itself may not become overwhelmed with all those different strains. The cells do not know if a strain is virulent or not, they just try to destroy it, and if the virus multiplies like crazy with different shapes, the immune system may suffer. I hope it all goes well!

Milker.
mid-dec: stupid ass
mid-jan: seroconversion
mid-feb: poz
mar 07: cd4 432 (35%) vl 54000
may 07: cd4 399 (28%) vl 27760
jul 07: cd4 403 (26%) vl 99241
oct 07: cd4 353 (24%) vl 29993
jan 08: cd4 332 (26%) vl 33308
mar 08: cd4 392 (23%) vl 75548
jun 08: cd4 325 (27%) vl 45880
oct 08: cd4 197 (20%) vl 154000 <== aids diagnosis
nov 2 08 start Atripla
nov 30 08: cd4 478 (23%) vl 1880 !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
feb 19 09: cd4 398 (24%) vl 430 getting there!
apr 23 09: cd4 604 (29%) vl 50 woohoo :D :D
jul 30 09: cd4 512 (29%) vl undetectable :D :D
may 27 10: cd4 655 (32%) vl undetectable :D :D

Now accepting applications from blowjob ninjas™

Offline powerpuff

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #7 on: July 05, 2007, 02:14:31 PM »
Sounds promising?
in one article i hear full estingushing.
another article not a cure.
Does that mean it just gets the replicating virus? i did not here it might get the latent cells or how would it get into the latent cells???anymody know :-\

Offline hahaha

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #8 on: July 05, 2007, 10:36:58 PM »
The major issue of this concept is not stopping the Harrt, but the mutation not only happen in HIV but also your body cells. 

Human body have sooooo many DNA and RNA, how can they promise the mutation only happen in HIV, but not elsewhere? 
Aug 9, 2006 Get infected in Japan #$%^*
Oct 2006 CD4 239
Nov 2006 CD4 299 VL 60,000
Dec 1, Sustiva, Ziagan and 3TC
Jan 07, CD4 400

Offline redhotmuslbear

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #9 on: July 06, 2007, 02:05:33 PM »
Human body have sooooo many DNA and RNA, how can they promise the mutation only happen in HIV, but not elsewhere? 


Got to agree with this point of concern.  All of the other meds screw with the human body's function in one manner or other -- mmm, going from "Bear" to hairless one morning after four months of Crixivan was no joy! -- so the implications of this med could be quite chilling.  Our cells may not proliferate in the same manner of HIV, but unintended consequences.....

Cheers,
David
"The real problem is not whether machines think but whether men do." - BF Skinner
12-31-09   222wks VL  2430 CD4 690 (37%)
09-30-09   208wks VL  2050  CD4 925 (42%)
06-25-08   143wks VL  1359  CD4 668 (32%)  CD8 885
02-11-08   123wks off meds:  VL 1364 CD4 892(40%/0.99 ratio)
10-19-07   112wks off meds:   VL 292  CD4 857(37%/0.85 ratio)

One copy of delta-32 for f*****d up CCR5 receptors, and an HLA B44+ allele for "CD8-mediated immunity"... beteer than winning Powerball, almost!

Offline Customer

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #10 on: September 30, 2007, 04:55:22 AM »
How i understood this: The idea is to let HIV infect as many T-cells as possible with unfit strain of handicapped HI-viruses. As the time goes on  more and more of the the infected T-cells will be producing more handicapped viruses, and fewer and fewer infected T-cells  will be producing effective HIV. The most severely handicapped viruses are not able to infect, or are not able to replicate.  In the long run, all viruses that are left are not able to infect or are not able to replicate which leads to collapse of virus population.

In the begining all HIV-viruses are high quality good-fitness virus. But in the presence of the drug next generation will seriously impaired. The HIV will be thinking: "How in the hell my children look like this?". Next generation will be even more genetically handicapped and it must be worrisome to HIV when it sees the seriously handicapped mutant generation being brought forward. HIV ask himself "How in the hell my beautiful children turned into these horrible no-good mutants?"

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIV

HIV differs from many other viruses as it has very high genetic variability. This diversity is a result of its fast replication cycle, with the generation of 10^9 to 10^10 virions every day, coupled with a high mutation rate of approximately 3 x 10-5 per nucleotide base per cycle of replication and recombinogenic properties of reverse transcriptase.[55] This complex scenario leads to the generation of many variants of HIV in a single infected patient in the course of one day.[55]

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/421048_3

It is estimated that up to 10 billion (10^10) particles of HIV-1 are produced and cleared daily in an infected individual.[35] This dynamic equilibrium results in continuous turnover of the virus population, with approximately one half of the circulating virus being replaced with newly produced virions each day.[36,37] Thus, the half-life of HIV-1 in the plasma appears to be only 1 to 2 days; the half-life of infectious virions is on the order of minutes.[38] ... . Therefore, given the short half-life of HIV, most of the virus detected in the blood has been produced recently. The cells that produce the virus are also short lived, with a half-life of approximately 1.2 days .. Mathematical modeling suggests that the decay of long-lived infected cells, which have an average half-life of 14 days, is the major determinant of the second-phase decay... In one study, the half-life of latently infected resting memory CD4+ cells was estimated to be as long as 43 months, whereas a second study documented a half-life of only 6 months.[45,46] .


The fact that virus-producing cells  have a half-life of approximately 1.2 days means that the viruses must copy themselves (replicate) and infect new cells in order to survive another 1.2 days. But in precense of this new drug the virus is not able to copy itself accurately enough. Each 1.2 days the infectious virus population is cut in half. In a week less than one percent is remaing. Etc

The big question is, how does one ensure that the drug "only attacks viral reverse transcriptase (RT)"?

I wonder if this drug could be effective in those patients having very low T-cell-CD4 count? I mean the fever T-cells one has, the less chances the new-born short-lived infectious viruses have to infect. I suppose when using this drug, low CD4-level is acceptable, maybe even desired for a period of time.


« Last Edit: September 30, 2007, 06:36:57 AM by Customer »

Offline Customer

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #11 on: September 30, 2007, 04:28:48 PM »
All of the other meds screw with the human body's function in one manner or other -- mmm, going from "Bear" to hairless one morning after four months of Crixivan was no joy! -- so the implications of this med could be quite chilling.  Our cells may not proliferate in the same manner of HIV, but unintended consequences.....

This "mutation acceleration" sounds worse than it is: this med is not about nuclear or radiation experiment. Your sperm/eggs will be OK. Mutation here refers to viral replication mechanisms. Mutation is one of the greatest weapons HIV has, but as it turned out, it is also HIV's weak point, because reverse transcriptae procedure lacks error-control. If this medicide is truly HIV-genome integrated, as they claim, then it only concerns HIV-infected T-cells. This medicine probably does not mean any problems for normal cellular multiplication.  The phase 1 trials indicated good safety. I would take it.

This is speacial type of medicine also in the sense that HIV cannot develop a resistant strain against it.

http://www.koronispharma.com/drugdevelopment.html

KP-1461 is an oral prodrug of KP-1212, a nucleoside shown to be effective in cell culture against HIV-1 and HIV-2. It is also effective against virus with mutations conferring resistance to many of the drugs currently approved for treatment of HIV/AIDS. In preclinical cell culture studies, KP-1212 demonstrated an efficacy-dependent increase in random transitional mutations in the HIV genome without host cell toxicity.


Now, lets hope two things:
1) lets hope this medicine works
2) lets hope that if it works, Koronis should obtain a great financial compensation for this smart idea that exceeds the work of big pharmaceutical companies. We need this kind of innovations.

« Last Edit: September 30, 2007, 04:51:47 PM by Customer »

Offline Pepino2

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #12 on: September 30, 2007, 10:18:08 PM »
I felt compelled to write and share with you all my thoughts after having read and researched this thread., especially with regards to the Quasispecies Model and its author...1967 Nobel Prize in Chemistry ....Manfred Eigen. 

What a Grande Finale this would be indeed....especially in regards to concepts such as Darwins evolution of the species ...

The analogy and irony whereby the HIV virus would essentially be given a dose of "its own stupidity" ...... is outstanding. 

Unfortunately, HIV virus has no concept of condoms....and would essentially die of the same fate it nearly gave humanity.

For those not yet seeing the analogy, here it is;

HIV is essentially ..well like us....in its stupidity.  Before it procreates it doesn`t ask its mate for if he or she is a true HIV Positive (as opposed to an imperfect one...the KP1212 mutated one).  Its too busy to replicate for that ...plus it does not have a conscience like us.

Manfred Eigen (1967 Nobel Prize in Chemistry) proved that, with time (generational time - HIV is a procreating rabbit in that sense), if you mutate ONE with imperfection (KP1212 effect), you mutate them all.

Manfred Eigen (1967 Noble Prize) proved that eventually, a species with a flaw, but which can still reproduce, will eventually transmit (via reproduction) that flaw to its whole species.

The folks at KoronisPharma have engineered a means of introducing this ¨flaw¨ to its gene pool.  Manfred is telling us....let it loose...and you`ll prove my point.

Here is a simple example to Manfred Eigen`s theory.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quasispecies_model#A_simple_example

Above all....here is the man behind it.

http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1967/eigen-bio.html

Especially interesting are the interview section.  Especially the one entitled ¨On Explaining evolution - 7 min¨

http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1967/eigen-interview.html


Keep listening to it to the end ...his thoughts on how he he reconciles theories on creationism verus evolutionism....are simply...divine :)

I know that nothing is proven yet....but there is hope. A whole lot of hope.
I can't wait for Phase II results scheduled sometimes in June 2008.

Offline milker

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #13 on: September 30, 2007, 10:29:52 PM »
I don't want to be too negative about this because any new research is good news, but we have to remember that cancer tumors are often the result of cells replicating themselves to oblivion with bad DNA, and this particular experience is at high risk for generating tumoral cells. I think this is still an experience and unless amazing results are found I don't see this "multiply to death" new way of thinking happening as a way to cure diseases before at least 10 or 20 years. I certainly will not participate in a study that uses that method.

Milker.
mid-dec: stupid ass
mid-jan: seroconversion
mid-feb: poz
mar 07: cd4 432 (35%) vl 54000
may 07: cd4 399 (28%) vl 27760
jul 07: cd4 403 (26%) vl 99241
oct 07: cd4 353 (24%) vl 29993
jan 08: cd4 332 (26%) vl 33308
mar 08: cd4 392 (23%) vl 75548
jun 08: cd4 325 (27%) vl 45880
oct 08: cd4 197 (20%) vl 154000 <== aids diagnosis
nov 2 08 start Atripla
nov 30 08: cd4 478 (23%) vl 1880 !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
feb 19 09: cd4 398 (24%) vl 430 getting there!
apr 23 09: cd4 604 (29%) vl 50 woohoo :D :D
jul 30 09: cd4 512 (29%) vl undetectable :D :D
may 27 10: cd4 655 (32%) vl undetectable :D :D

Now accepting applications from blowjob ninjas™

Offline Customer

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #14 on: October 01, 2007, 10:55:47 AM »

This is one of the most promising medicines in the pipeline.  When i read about this drug first time, i was thinking  "just another class of HAART". But this is more than that. From scientific-philosophical perspective, and as a method of attack, this drug far exceeds all other forms of HAART.  Ofcourse safety is an issue, and it is being studied. Phase 1 showed green flag. I well understand that the term "mutation" rises fear of cancer, but remember that HIV is constantly mutating whether you take this drug or not. HIV is mutating as we speak, whether you like it or not.  And your common NNRTI and NRTI's could be far more cancerous than this.

If this drug integrates to HIV RNA only and does not interfere other transscripting activities, then it is safe to use. So i suppose. This is what they say:

The use of a natural sugar in Koronis’ nucleoside drugs allows efficient recognition by the viral polymerase facilitating incorporation of the drug into the viral nucleic acid.

After integrating into the HIV RNA everything else in the cell works as normal.
All subsequent DNA copying prcesses inside the infected T-cell are performed as normal:

Normal transportation to cell nucleus
Normal integration to cell host genome
Normal assembly of proteins
Normal release (budding)

Everything will ne normal, save the fact that viral RNA was distorted in the first place. Does not sound so dangerous to me.

« Last Edit: October 01, 2007, 11:09:50 AM by Customer »

Offline hahaha

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #15 on: October 02, 2007, 06:08:30 AM »
Questions:
1Does it mentioned about how to deal with dormant HIV? 
2.If the not mutant one wake up in a morning and start to produce "healthy" HIV, will it then re-infect the already infected T-cell?
3.If the "dormant HIV" in T cell has not yet been cleaned up, does it means that we always have chance to get sick again?

Aug 9, 2006 Get infected in Japan #$%^*
Oct 2006 CD4 239
Nov 2006 CD4 299 VL 60,000
Dec 1, Sustiva, Ziagan and 3TC
Jan 07, CD4 400

Offline Customer

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #16 on: October 02, 2007, 10:59:22 AM »

I read that some of HIV will be hiding in the gut, and stay there dormant for months (years?).

In test tube, they were able to destroy HIV-population completely. I doubt that this will happe in humans, simply because some of the hiding HIV is already integrated to host DNA long before the drug enters the body. Should the host become active and start budding new HIV:s, this new HIV will have the orginal wild strain genome and it is able to re-infect. So you would not be able to stop using HAART.

However, because of mutating effect, i believe this drug cleans up the body more completely than traditional HAART. None of the active HIV will be spared from the effect of this drug because this drugs operates in a progressive way, from generation to generation. If a particular HIV virus did not meet this drug in one T-cell, it's children will surely meet this drug in another generation and another T-cell.  It is more efficient to destroy HIV gradually than attempting to do that in one step. Ultimately all active HIV in the body will be completely destroyed, but latent/silent HIV will survive untouched.

So this is not a "cure", but an effective drug (if it works as planned).








Offline Pepino2

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #17 on: October 03, 2007, 08:57:03 PM »
I read that some of HIV will be hiding in the gut, and stay there dormant for months (years?).

Can someone give us a reference as to this fact? What i am particularly interested in knowing is whether it has been proven that we are talking about one virus ¨life cycle¨ or perhaps many occurring withing these latency reservoirs.  essentailly does science know what the ¨tunrover rate¨ is?.  I think this is a very important concept with regards to the number of ¨n¨ (Generations - ie. treatment period).   Whether it is the same virus that is dormant or whether it is ¨flushed out¨ and re-introduced with a new generation is quite different from a Quasispecies Model and KoronisPharma efficacy point of view.   

From your posts under ref #10, it seemed clear, that these little bugs do die off (regardless of where they hide - quite rapidly indeed).  What I would like to know is whether it is their reproducing ability that gives them this latency ability.  My thought was that its the ¨bunker¨ not the ¨bunkee¨ ability of this virus that keeps it latent.

Please someone enlighten us with regards to latency and specifically with regards known studies on ¨turnover rate¨ withiin these reservoirs.

Seems to me that KP1212 ¨flawed viruses¨ would eventually fill up these reservoirs. 

mny thx

Offline Pepino2

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #18 on: October 03, 2007, 09:29:14 PM »
Sorry, I missed it in your quote.  My mistake.

 Indeed your posts does state that studies point to anywhere from 6 months to potentially 43 months ¨tunrover rate¨ within these latent reservoirs.

Having said so, as per the QuasiSpecies Model, the virus would be out after that.  Personnally, I think it would not be on the extreme side....it couldn`t..........power of exponentials.....:).  Even if it did, you would be ¨undetectable¨ for all that time with possibly no NRTI..NNRTI...PMI metabolic side effects.

As to the cancer theories.......as Manfred said....RNA is much simpler than DNA.  RNA is the root cause.....not our DNA..

I`ll stop here and keep our hopes up.

Looking for Next Gen.

thx


Offline NYCguy

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #19 on: October 04, 2007, 05:36:38 PM »
I don't think this link was cited above - very interesting interview with one of the lead researchers, including extensive discussion of the phase II trial:

http://www.aidsnews.org/2007/09/kp-1461.html
11/9/06 = #$%^&!
sometime early Dec 2006:
CD4 530 20%/VL >250,000 (&*$$%!!)
started Reyataz300mg/Norvir/Truvada 12-27-06.
1/30/07 CD4 540 30%/VL <400
4/07 CD4 600+ 33%/VL <50
6/9/07 CD4 720 37%/VL <50
10/15/07 CD4 891 (!) %? VL <50
1/2010 CD4 599 (37%) VL<50 (drop due to acute HCV)
9/2010 - looks like HCV is gone for good! And I'm finally drinking again, thank GOD
2013 - considering a switch to Stribild. but I love my Kidneys (but I hate farting all the time!)...
June 2013 - switched to Stribild.  so far so good...

Offline Customer

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #20 on: October 04, 2007, 06:21:09 PM »
NYCguy:s linked article. Pay special attention to the statement he made:

You and I both know that none of the HIV drugs currently marketed have been able to extinguish the virus in laboratory cultures, and certainly not in humans. They may be very potent inhibitors, but when the drug is taken away, the virus re-grows. That did not happen with KP-1461. It's a distinguishing feature, from a therapeutic perspective, is that it is capable of viral eradication in vitro.

And after an average 15 serial passages, that virus was irreversibly extinguished -- repeatedly. Repeated, published experiments have demonstrated that you can collapse the viral population with KP-1461.


So in test tube this drug was able to completely eradicate HIV from blood. But only in test tubes...

If the half-life of latent HIV is 43 months, you can count that you need a time of 20 half-lifes to eradicate HIV from the "latent reservoirs", whereever they may be.  That would be 70 years. If the half-life of latent HIV is 6 months, the time needed would be reduced to 10 years.

Should this drug be successful, this drug maybe potential for intermittent treatment, or cyclic treatment with normal HAART. You use KP1212 for 6 months, then you switch to normal HAART... Always when you have viral rebound, you challenge it with KP1212... or something...


« Last Edit: October 04, 2007, 06:23:23 PM by Customer »

Offline Customer

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #21 on: October 06, 2007, 02:58:15 AM »
Let's speculate a litte bit more about the prospects of destroying HIV...


http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=2501.0

A University of California research team has discovered that HIV is able to survive the antiviral effects of treatment by hiding out in the mucosal tissues of the intestine. Even when blood tests show that viral load is undetectable and T-cell counts are responding well to HIV treatment, there is likely ongoing viral replication and immune system damage occurring in the gut.

http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=2310.0

The virus replicates in the lining of the gut and does much of its damage to the immune system there, Satya Dandekar, chairwoman of the Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology at the University of California Davis Health System, and colleagues reported.


The good news here is that the virus is not silent in the gut. HIV is replicating in the gut. This means that in presence of KP1212 virus RNA would be rendered useless in a few generations. If KP1212 is present in the gut, it will destroy HIV there. The question is, can enough drug be delivered to the gut? 

Offline Pepino2

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #22 on: October 06, 2007, 11:29:02 AM »
I don`t think the virus within these reservoirs would be in any way protected or shielded.  By the drug yes, but remember, the mutated KP1212 is like a trojan horse.  Reservoir Virus are not a `Closed System` barring entry into their little sub-population party.

The beauty of this new approach is that KP1212 (the drug) doesn`t need to permeate these reservoirs.  HIV will do that by itself.  Remember, all you need is one KP1212 mutated virus to go join his fellow mates in there and boom.....this sub-population is doomed (again, according to Manfred Eigen` QuasiSpecies Model`). 

I think that is the real beauty of this novel approach.  Its the exponential power of the virus replication that is at work not the ability of the drugs to perform one time holocaust.

It lets the virus do what it does best.

Replicate.

« Last Edit: October 06, 2007, 11:35:46 AM by Pepino2 »

Offline Customer

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #23 on: October 06, 2007, 01:34:00 PM »
I don`t think the virus within these reservoirs would be in any way protected or shielded.  By the drug yes, but remember, the mutated KP1212 is like a trojan horse.  Reservoir Virus are not a `Closed System` barring entry into their little sub-population party. The beauty of this new approach is that KP1212 (the drug) doesn`t need to permeate these reservoirs.  HIV will do that by itself.  Remember, all you need is one KP1212 mutated virus to go join his fellow mates in there and boom.....this sub-population is doomed

One unfit virus entering the sub-population party will not be sufficient. It would multiply and infect T-cells in the gut, but there will be a balance between good fit and unfit viruses. And remember, in absence of the drug (in the gut), evolutionary forces favour the good-fit viruses, because they are more prone to infect. For this drug to work, there needs to be a small flow of mutated unfit viruses entering the gut all the time. That would ultimately result to a change in the genetic makeup of gut viral population (isolated sub-population), marking the dawn of its collapse. So it is not necessary for the drug the permeate everywhere, but sufficient viral exchange is necessary. We do not know yet if there is such a sufficient viral exchange, nor do we know whether this drug will permeate the gut to some degree.  However it is clear there is a way for the main-strain viruses to enter to the gut, because thats how they got there in the first place. A lot more is known after phase II trial. But yes, this is a promising drug. Having all that said, it is possible that the optimal strategy with this drug is not "hit-hard", but preferrably "increase slowly", which allows more extensive change in the genotype of viral population allover the body.



« Last Edit: October 06, 2007, 01:53:48 PM by Customer »

Offline Customer

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #24 on: October 06, 2007, 04:50:31 PM »
Think about the following scenario:

step 1) You introduce a culture of HIV-resistant T-cells to your body, by genetic engineering, as i mentioned in http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=16089.0. These T-cells pass on their HIV resistance to their daughters upon cell division.

step 2) After some months from step 1 you bring about a viral collapse with KP1212. Almost total collapse of HIV would be accomplished, but not in the gut.

In order to survive HIV needs to find a new host within days from entering a T-cell. However, the last remaining HIV viruses in the gut would not be able to reproduce due to the HIV resistant T-cells in the gut.  So combining KP1212 to T-cell engineering could in theory accopmlish the dream of eradication. Am i just dreaming?


Offline bimazek

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #25 on: October 07, 2007, 09:52:48 PM »
well my two cents and I have thought about this alot, i also went to lecture by top ucla dr. re. quasi species is this...   

we already have a perfect model to look at this...

the model of two separate individuals, one poz one neg...

one is infected with an managery of quasi species of hiv, this is true all the time, there are always different species in each infected person, then this person infects another neg person

ok now the newly infected depending on his own unique immune system is able to suppress certain species and others are able to get thru, this is determined by APC and peptides and epitopes and the individual properites of each persons immune system, ok now we know that if this individual is average he will have hiv infection for 7 -9  years before cd4 t cells drop to 200 or so

now same thing with this new drug, if it does indeed result in a complete collapse of the active virus, then
after the collapse even if the new virus came out of the latent reservoir

 we would have a 7-9 year period where our cd4 cells would slowly get worn down by the virus that escapes from latent reservoirs.

then say at year 5 you could get the treatment again or even after 1 year or once every 6 months or so

by that time they will learn alot about reservoirs and such

the replication rate is extensively studied oxford had a computer model and i read many math articles about this rate

basically i think that this could work brilliantly, and i disagree with milker in his analogy and negative comment  that a tumor is mutated that takes over

that is not relavant here why because

this mutation med they have and are giving to humans already!!! that is fantastic in the first place that the time from invention and idea to having a drug to test seems amazingly short

well this drug supposedly only mutates the virus by putting a wrentch in dna

the thing about these dna, and molecules and meds, and shapes of drug molecules is that a molecule is absolutely perfect and cannot be well what i am trying to say is that its behavior is based on electro magnetic  physics laws, that i studied extensively in univ. that was my major and for example a nuke or non nuke it has to go to the site of the enzyme because of electro magnetic forces, like two magnets joining together, it is not like they have a choice, these molecules, this molecule world have very very rigid laws

they can be calculated by computers and 2 plus two always is four

the shapes of these molecules is based on electromagnetic properties

so putting that mutation wrentch in the dna of hiv and getting it to reproduce is a major thing

it is so powerful

remember that when say a nuke or a non nuke stops working it is not because the nuke or non nuke that particlular molecule stops working it is because the perfect shape that fit the space in the enzyme, the enzyme was a perfect shape and it changed and evolved a slight different shape so the nuke doesnt magnate or fit in the space anymore

that is why it stops working

a tiny change in one part of molecule changes the shape and the electromagnetic forces do not allow the key to fit

in fact it is much much much more of a tight fit than a key and a lock

it is on the nuclear level and level of the electrons as they zoom around

electrons are as hard as metal, in fact when you see silvery metal you are basically seeing raw exposed electrons in a way

there are very strong and powerful

this is all about 3d shapes and very strong perfect forces of physics law

the math part of the collapse of hte quise species population is another topic



yes

Offline bimazek

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #26 on: October 07, 2007, 11:27:53 PM »
i just had a major exciting realization

the guy Eigen

when i went to the wiki post by pepino

i realized that this is the same Eigen as Eigen values that I studied extensively in univ. in math, physics, and engineering

eigen values were incredibly interesting though i do not remember too much

i did not even know at the time that eigen was a last name of a person

27 years ago when i studied this ... i thought it was just the name of a math concept like

exponent  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eigenvalue

this is a great way to look at this...

what eigen says is that all things in nature and world

here is an interesting sentance from the new approach paper
http://www.aidsnews.org/2007/09/kp-1461.html
The conventional approach to this problem is to use combinations of different drugs, hoping to suppress HIV to such a low level that little mutation and evolution can take place. This may suppress the virus for years

when they say, "suppress HIV to such a low level that little mutation and evolution can take place"
what they really mean is that the nukes, non nukes and protease, bind to the nuke, non nuke, and protease enzyme and because almost all the enzymes have a drug molecule in them the number of sites of replication of hiv goes from trillions of trillions to ten in the entire body.  So with only ten copy machines working, then the detection of only ten copies means under 50 copies means undetectable. but really it is not stopping replication it is just slowing it way way down, so still a few get copied and mistakes get made cause hiv is not good at copying, and then a mutation happens, then virus is immune to the med

now then the problem because how to rebuild the immune system, both CD4 and CD8 and the new discovery that even on successful HAART that there is something some protein or something inside the cd4 cells that causes the ctla receptor to never get turned back on so that cd4 can rebound

so if you collapse all the viral populaiton

and find a way to turn the cd4 back on and cd8 back on then

you are well on the way to rebuilding the immune system

now some think it is hard to find a molecule that can turn the cd4 back on and cd8 back on

i did alot of searching for this in last 12 months and i think one great candidate is a retinoid.
a drug based on retinoid, they already have the monoclonal antibody that fits into the receptor on cd4 and cd8 and that is great but it is far easier to find a molecule that goes into the cell and effects the  receptors on cd4 and cd8  FROM THE INSIDE, because remember the cell wall is like a porous membraine and these receptors have part on outside of cell where the anitbody or monoclonal antibody fits and the receptor penetrates thru to the interior of the cell, where molecules can be designed that slow or change the function of the receptor




this is very exciting words on this....
We've gone through phase I studies; phase IA study in healthy volunteers, and a phase I B study in 50 HIV-infected individuals, similar in description to the current phase IIA subjects. They were triple-class-experienced individuals; the drug was given in the 1B study for 14 days, because that is all the animal safety data there was at that time. The bottom line for the phase I studies is that the drug appears safe and quite well tolerated.

this means it is very well tolerated and that they did not see any horrible mutations in the triple-class-experienced individuals.

this is all very very good

What cities is this trial!!!

can we encourage people who are over 250 t cells to try this?

"we actually have one individual who was infected with triple-class resistant virus. Even though they are not treatment experienced, I provided a waiver for that patient, because they had a terribly ugly genotype of triple-class resistant virus, though by transmission, not prior therapy."

anyone who has triple-class resistant virus should try to get in this study!

here is list of dozen of cities!!!!
http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct/show/NCT00504452?order=1
« Last Edit: October 07, 2007, 11:54:33 PM by bimazek »

Offline milker

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #27 on: October 08, 2007, 08:59:26 PM »
basically i think that this could work brilliantly, and i disagree with milker in his analogy and negative comment  that a tumor is mutated that takes over

that is not relavant here why because

this mutation med they have and are giving to humans already!!! that is fantastic in the first place that the time from invention and idea to having a drug to test seems amazingly short
Well I'm sorry but a tumor an abnormal mass of tissue that results when cells divide like crazy or do not die as scheduled. Any genetic mutation due to differences in cell protein expressions can result in oncogenes which then would increase the risk of creating tumoral tissue. All I'm saying is that we do not know yet if this exercise can result in loss of cell regulation.

It is relevant because i'm not taking about the meds, i'm taking about the cell life. We already know about cell exhaustion, this could also be another side effect. And i'm not even going to talk about the brain, where studies on the effect of HIV on the brain are sparse.

It is exciting new science, I agree, but I wouldn't jump on it as being the next best treatment for now.

Milker.
mid-dec: stupid ass
mid-jan: seroconversion
mid-feb: poz
mar 07: cd4 432 (35%) vl 54000
may 07: cd4 399 (28%) vl 27760
jul 07: cd4 403 (26%) vl 99241
oct 07: cd4 353 (24%) vl 29993
jan 08: cd4 332 (26%) vl 33308
mar 08: cd4 392 (23%) vl 75548
jun 08: cd4 325 (27%) vl 45880
oct 08: cd4 197 (20%) vl 154000 <== aids diagnosis
nov 2 08 start Atripla
nov 30 08: cd4 478 (23%) vl 1880 !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
feb 19 09: cd4 398 (24%) vl 430 getting there!
apr 23 09: cd4 604 (29%) vl 50 woohoo :D :D
jul 30 09: cd4 512 (29%) vl undetectable :D :D
may 27 10: cd4 655 (32%) vl undetectable :D :D

Now accepting applications from blowjob ninjas™

Offline Customer

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #28 on: October 09, 2007, 06:54:11 PM »
Here are the safety facts:

http://www.koronispharma.com/drugdevelopment.html

The Phase 1a trial was a single dose, dose escalation, placebo controlled study of KP-1461 in healthy volunteers. It was shown to be well tolerated at each dose through the highest dose level tested. There were no SAE’s (Serious adverse events).

Phase 1b safety and PK trials are underway in HIV-positive patients not receiving other drugs but having experienced multiple classes of currently approved drugs and with demonstrated resistance development to the approved drugs. Based on preliminary Phase 1b data, KP-1461 appears to be generally safe and well tolerated.


http://www.koronispharma.com/KP1461forHIV.html

Phase 1b Trial Confirms Safety & Efficacy of KP-1461 in HIV-positive patients
Preliminary results from a Phase 1b multi-center, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled safety and pharmacology trial in therapy-experienced HIV-infected patients have demonstrated KP-1461 to be generally safe and well tolerated. The trial involves approximately 40 HIV positive patients.



About cancer:

http://www.aidsnews.org/2007/09/kp-1461.html

Genotoxicity depends on how much of the drug is incorporated by human DNA polymerase, and how much of it is excised [cut out]. In the case of human DNA in the nucleus of cells, KP-1461 is very poorly incorporated (by human DNA polymerase) -- a log [about 10 fold] than any of the other nucleoside analogs. But it is incorporated to a modest degree, about as much as 3TC or tenofovir, by gamma polymerase in human mitochondrial DNA. However, it is very quickly proofread and excised. We have done those experiments, and we and the FDA are satisfied with them for dosing, at least this far in our development program.

Cancer is almost always result of years of use of HAART, and this trial is only 4 months.  They also mentioned that animal testing warranted 4 months use in human trial, and test tube experiments indicate no host cell toxicity.

« Last Edit: October 09, 2007, 06:58:22 PM by Customer »

Offline Matty the Damned

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #29 on: October 09, 2007, 08:51:54 PM »
Cancer is almost always result of years of use of HAART, and this trial is only 4 months.  They also mentioned that animal testing warranted 4 months use in human trial, and test tube experiments indicate no host cell toxicity.


Whiskey Tango Foxtrot? Cancer is almost always the result of the use of HAART? Would you care to produce some evidence to that effect?

And no, a link from Wikipedia will not do.

MtD

Offline Pepino2

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #30 on: October 09, 2007, 09:56:19 PM »
All right, time to conlude on this thread before we get into too narrow.

Overall, there is no doubt that this new drug is not only different but also full of promises. 

Having said so their are risks, and no, you can¨t get assurance from wikipidia.com on that.  As a matter of fact, neither could you get such assurance on lypodystrophy, metabolic changes and cancer incidences cause by tri-therapy when the current regime of drugs came out orignally. You can¨t even get that on most of the drugs currently on the market.

So...

If you are within the 3 categories of patients discussed as potential candidates for this study, you can either wait for a wikipidia.com re-assurance or ....well......re-read this thread in its entirety and make up your own mind as to what your risk and benefits are.

The rest of us, are only going to encourage you whatever decision you make.....and support you.

Big Pharma better pick up on this science.....or any other alternative genetic based cures (yes I said cure).  If they don¨t, they will be overtaken....and shamed.

Big Kiss to everyone.

Offline Matty the Damned

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #31 on: October 09, 2007, 10:18:14 PM »
All right, time to conlude on this thread before we get into too narrow.

Oh really? When were you empowered to decide when debates and discussions begin and end?

MtD

Offline bimazek

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #32 on: October 13, 2007, 08:22:49 PM »
Pepino2 -- your post are very good very factual and scientific -- keep up the good work.  Do not feel bad if the gallery of guys say things critical, there are many many individuals with all kinds of painful experiences they have gone thru.

you are completely right on on the post -- esp. about the proofreading out of the mitochondria and the fact that it is factor of ten less toxic for cancer etc than current meds -- this is a miracle, just the concept of it is amazing.

the fact that they are trying it in the best best univ. where they have detailed gene amplification to watch the progress

keep posting man

you are a great reader and great with science

you are not afraid of defining terms - keep using wikipedia

try google scholar and use advanced search and constrain search to 2007 or 2006 so you get the latest papers

my concern with this med -- because i think hope it will work is that --

the great thing about big pharma and the research companies and there are thousands of them and the actual functioning of capitalism (i do have my complaints) is that a totally new thing like this could completely displace everything and make tons of things obsolite... they are finding new uses for haart type meds for cancer which a great thing

but my point is that the system is somewhat functioning cause even any new things that works will be used and you dont see big pharma crying... they will be rejoicing because of a cure or new less toxic treatment

the stock market will price the loss very quickly out of the system...

but i am still very very big on this

i studied Eigen Values when i was in undergrad and it is amazing science

Eigen is a god of a mind and if he thought this up it is a miracle in itself

best way to understand eigen values is  ---  take a painting of mona lisa  -- it can be thought of as millions of points or small rays of different colors -- think of rays not points with different directions, those can be represented mathematically ... now turn the painting so it is not visible you only see the side of the painting
this is a transformation of the rays but suddenly all the rays collapse into one edge and become nothing
-- so then the analogy of the mona lisa and the painting to hiv infection

ok -- all the hiv viruses are like points on a painting, actuallly 3d because 3rd dim. is time, so each different version of quasi species of virus is like one color of the mona lisa painting and then it changes into another color etc, each history of evolution of each species of mutation of each virus in a persons body is a different color and  over time paints a picture, that is not too hard to imagine, now

if you can figure out a way to make those mutate faster so that you are turning the family tree of all the viruses  perpendicular to the viewer all the evolution collapses because there is no rays no points no colors that can make things continue,

and you do not have to turn the painting completely on it side when you get very very close to on its side, say 99% the virus populaiton collapses just like the painting becomes with out any informaiton content

this is all information content and info theory    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eigenvector

it is wierd to me that what i studied years before 81 and learned is now or could be now the salvation of my life

or at least i am hoping it will be...

the family tree of each viral species or queasi species as eigen calls them is like a vector or ray or point of color on a mona lisa painting

when you turn the matrix far enough all info content collapses

if you like the matrix (i didnt much) it is like that




Offline milker

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #33 on: October 14, 2007, 06:43:12 PM »
When quoting it's usually better to quote the good, but also the bad:

The other key question that people rapidly come up with is, could you create a supervirus?
This needs to be considered. It is a concept that most of us are not familiar with. In HIV therapeutics we are trying to avoid mutations and avoid viral diversity. KP-1461 is a drug intended to create mutations and increase viral diversity. The question of whether you could create a supervirus is one that, at this time, has much less data than the viral vs host DNA selectivity question.

And the unknown:
We can only speak in terms of virology, HIV virology, and evolution. And these studies suggest that of 100 mutations, 49 of them are non-coding; they don't result in an altered protein in any way. These mutation do not change viral enzymes. So they are basically silent.

Fifty of the 100 mutations will reduce viral fitness. We see this all the time with HIV. A mutation in response to a drug impairs the fitness of the virus. Sometimes that fitness hit is greater (as with K65R or 184V mutations), and sometimes less; but they all impair viral fitness.

One percent of mutations are believed to increase viral fitness. So could we create a supervirus? On theoretic grounds it is possible but not likely at all. HIV has evolved to become the supervirus. Mother nature has been testing billions of mutations for decades. For example, compared to Ebola, HIV is successful because it does not kill its host in days. Evolution has selected against the most pathogenic strains that would kill the host too quickly before the virus could be transmitted throughout a human population, which is of course exactly what the virus from its perspective is trying to do. So one could argue that mother nature has in some ways already created this supervirus. The most efficient and effective virus already exists. And 99 of 100 mutations are going to reduce the viruses fitness, not increase it.


I never said I didn't believe it would work, I said it will need more data and that because it's a new approach that has never been tested on other species, I, personally, will not adopt it for now.

Milker.
mid-dec: stupid ass
mid-jan: seroconversion
mid-feb: poz
mar 07: cd4 432 (35%) vl 54000
may 07: cd4 399 (28%) vl 27760
jul 07: cd4 403 (26%) vl 99241
oct 07: cd4 353 (24%) vl 29993
jan 08: cd4 332 (26%) vl 33308
mar 08: cd4 392 (23%) vl 75548
jun 08: cd4 325 (27%) vl 45880
oct 08: cd4 197 (20%) vl 154000 <== aids diagnosis
nov 2 08 start Atripla
nov 30 08: cd4 478 (23%) vl 1880 !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
feb 19 09: cd4 398 (24%) vl 430 getting there!
apr 23 09: cd4 604 (29%) vl 50 woohoo :D :D
jul 30 09: cd4 512 (29%) vl undetectable :D :D
may 27 10: cd4 655 (32%) vl undetectable :D :D

Now accepting applications from blowjob ninjas™

Offline Miss Philicia

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #34 on: October 14, 2007, 07:10:46 PM »
Do not feel bad if the gallery of guys say things critical, there are many many individuals with all kinds of painful experiences they have gone thru.


Huh?  You mean when someone corrects your repeated assertions that poppers cause Kaposi's Sarcoma it's because we're just bitter old cows with lower t-cells than you?

Surely you jest my good friend.  I'd appreciate some clarification on that commentary regarding this web board you've just offered a new member.
"I’ve slept with enough men to know that I’m not gay"

Offline chadly

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #35 on: October 19, 2007, 12:48:50 PM »
I might not be "new" to the scene,  but I've been around long enough to empathize with Biz's statement.

Don't become discouraged Pep-

Offline NYCguy

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #36 on: October 19, 2007, 06:23:37 PM »
Maybe we should get back to talking about this potential treatment and not bashing each other and trying to decide who deserves more pity...

This was just in Thebody.com.  Not much new info but some interesting background:

http://www.thebody.com/content/art43529.html?mtrk=3420277
11/9/06 = #$%^&!
sometime early Dec 2006:
CD4 530 20%/VL >250,000 (&*$$%!!)
started Reyataz300mg/Norvir/Truvada 12-27-06.
1/30/07 CD4 540 30%/VL <400
4/07 CD4 600+ 33%/VL <50
6/9/07 CD4 720 37%/VL <50
10/15/07 CD4 891 (!) %? VL <50
1/2010 CD4 599 (37%) VL<50 (drop due to acute HCV)
9/2010 - looks like HCV is gone for good! And I'm finally drinking again, thank GOD
2013 - considering a switch to Stribild. but I love my Kidneys (but I hate farting all the time!)...
June 2013 - switched to Stribild.  so far so good...

Offline Customer

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #37 on: October 19, 2007, 06:40:06 PM »
milker: " The question of whether you could create a supervirus is ..."

Milker. I think originally you were worried about KP1461 mutating host genome DNA. Now you are worried about virus mutating to super virus. Carcinogenicity to host, and super-virus mutation are separate threats. If were you worried about super-virus mutation, and not carcinogenity, why did you not tell it to us in the first place?



I bet within 10 years, you will be taking KP1461 (or it derivatives)... Oh yes, you will be popping these pills like candy.




« Last Edit: October 19, 2007, 06:42:40 PM by Customer »

Offline milker

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #38 on: October 19, 2007, 07:03:58 PM »
I was quoting the link you gave.

Milker.
mid-dec: stupid ass
mid-jan: seroconversion
mid-feb: poz
mar 07: cd4 432 (35%) vl 54000
may 07: cd4 399 (28%) vl 27760
jul 07: cd4 403 (26%) vl 99241
oct 07: cd4 353 (24%) vl 29993
jan 08: cd4 332 (26%) vl 33308
mar 08: cd4 392 (23%) vl 75548
jun 08: cd4 325 (27%) vl 45880
oct 08: cd4 197 (20%) vl 154000 <== aids diagnosis
nov 2 08 start Atripla
nov 30 08: cd4 478 (23%) vl 1880 !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
feb 19 09: cd4 398 (24%) vl 430 getting there!
apr 23 09: cd4 604 (29%) vl 50 woohoo :D :D
jul 30 09: cd4 512 (29%) vl undetectable :D :D
may 27 10: cd4 655 (32%) vl undetectable :D :D

Now accepting applications from blowjob ninjas™

Offline datdude

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #39 on: October 24, 2007, 07:59:08 PM »
Is there anyway this could actually cure hiv infection, it sounds really promising I think this is the best thing I've heard about let's all pray it works. God Bless Everyone

Offline bimazek

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #40 on: October 26, 2007, 06:51:06 PM »
http://www.physlink.com/Education/AskExperts/ae520.cfm
this is most simple version of a taste of eigen values

i like this stretch metaphor, this shows it in only  two dimensions but we live in a four dimensional world, where time is a dimension so this simple example become very much more complex, when you think of a family tree of different offspring of a virus all producing millions of babies and some of those reproducing you have a big structure of a family tree, this can be stretched and deformed and when the mutations of the individuals is so great then the entire structure collapses, that is the theory at least.  You see it does not matter how many generations on the family tree the thing is still all one family still all a dog or a virus or an hiv virus, if there are tons of mutations then that acts as a deformation or a stretch of the structure of the family tree (if each node on the tree is a different 3D individual made up of the gene structure of that individual)

see end of this post and i will translate the above link into hiv biology... before your very eyes...

this is what i studied for four years in university, math of eigen, this all made sense to me back then, spent thousands of hours on this... 26 years ago it was very new
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Eigenvalue.html

this is one trial in so calif. if you live close and meet criteria try it, esp. if meds are failing...

The UCSD Antiviral Research Center is currently seeking participants for a research study of an experimental HIV medication designed to affect the "fitness" of the virus and make it hard for the virus to replicate.
Qualified participants must:
---currently be off HIV medication for at least 16 weeks (don’t go off your drugs for the study)
--have resistance to three classes of HIV medications
--have an HIV RNA greater than 2500
--have a CD4 count greater than 250
You will be compensated up to $750 for your time and the study is for four months.
There is an article in Positively Aware about the study and  drug. If you can't follow the link,  copy and paste it  into your browser :   
http://positivelyaw are.com/2007/ 07_04/kp_ 1641.html
Those interested should contact Jack Degnan at the AVRC at 619-543-8080.

What are Eigen Values as applied to hiv drug treatment?

Answer

Place a picture of the family tree of a virus on it  and set it spinning. Take something thin and spread it over that picture of the family tree of the virus - all future mutations are on the family tree, even ones that come after the host is destroyed.   Pick up an elastic band and stretch it.   In each of these cases we do something that affects the shape or orientation of the object or picture in question. The elastic band and butter have been deformed and the picture has been rotated.

When we investigate transformations mathematically we find that there are directions that remain the same after the deformation (forced mutation)  has occurred.  In the case of the stretching of the elastic band, if you had drawn an arrow on the band before you stretched it, would it point in the same direction afterwards ?

The preserved direction is called an EIGENVECTOR --- this i interpret as the inevitable direction of mutation of virus over time

of the transformation and the associated amount by which it has been stretched is an EIGENVALUE... the value i interpret as the break point after which too many mutations destroy the very possibility of the family tree having any life ... the virus population is terminated.


Offline bimazek

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #41 on: October 26, 2007, 07:08:31 PM »
http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=+%22KP+1461%22&as_ylo=2004&as_yhi=2005&btnG=Search
First time this med was ever written about in science was 2005 only one article

then in 2006 only five articles
http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=+%22KP+1461%22&as_ylo=2006&as_yhi=2006&btnG=Search

then 2007 only one article.. and now we are already in clinical trials...
http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=+%22KP+1461%22&as_ylo=2007&as_yhi=2007&btnG=Search

2005 article!!!!
Koronis Pharmaceuticals Inc., 12277 134th Ct. N.E. Redmond, WA 98052, USA
Received 9 August 2004;  accepted 14 March 2005.  Available online 28 April 2005.
Abstract
We report the activities of a novel nucleoside analog against HIV. This nucleoside (KP-1212) is not a chain terminator but exerts its antiviral effects via mutagenesis of the viral genome. Serial passaging of HIV in the presence of KP-1212 causes an increase in the mutation rate of the virus leading to viral ablation. HIV strains resistant to KP-1212 have not yet been isolated. Quite to the contrary, virus treated with KP-1212 exhibited an increased sensitivity not only to KP-1212 but also to another nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), zidovudine. HIV strains resistant to other NRTIs (e.g. zidovudine, lamivudine, stavudine, abacavir, etc.) exhibited no cross-resistance towards KP-1212. Multiple assays confirmed that KP-1212 has a favorable (low) genotoxicity profile when compared to some approved antiviral nucleosides. In addition, KP-1212 is not toxic to mitochondria nor does it exhibit any inhibitory effects on mitochondrial DNA synthesis.


redmond washington... where bill gates and many microsoft billionaires live...
http://koronispharma.com/
Koronis Pharmaceuticals develops anti-viral therapeutics based on Viral Decay Acceleration™ (VDA). The Company's lead product candidate, KP-1461, is currently in clinical trials for HIV..

see this koronis link there are many links and an ANIMATION of KP-1212 --  you have to click the play button like ten times to see the entire video i did at least...
http://koronispharma.com/



http://www.kcumb.edu/NewsDetail.asp?id=11

Location Information

United States, Florida
      Bach and Godofsky, Bradenton,  Florida,  34205,  United States

      University of Miami, Miami,  Florida,  33146,  United States

      Triple O Medical Services, West Palm Beach,  Florida,  33401,  United States

United States, Kansas
      Research Centers of Via Christi, Wichita,  Kansas,  67214,  United States

United States, Maryland
      Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland, Baltimore,  Maryland,  21201,  United States

United States, Missouri
      Dybedal Center for Clinical Research, Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences, Kansas City,  Missouri,  64106-1453,  United States

United States, New Jersey
      St. Michael's Medical Center, Newark,  New Jersey,  07102,  United States

United States, New York
      AIDS Community Research Initiative of America, New York,  New York,  10018,  United States

United States, South Carolina
      Greenville Hospital System, Greenville,  South Carolina,  29605,  United States

More Information
Study ID Numbers:  KP-1461-102
Last Updated:  July 17, 2007
Record first received:  August 9, 2005
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:  NCT00129194



as an aside...
this was found on an eigen value search
http://civs.stat.ucla.edu/Segmentation/DDMCMC/DDMCMC_segmentation.htm

Offline bimazek

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #42 on: October 26, 2007, 07:10:16 PM »
http://koronispharma.com/KP1461forHIV.html

see this for more science papers on thier new discovery

http://koronispharma.com/viraldecayacceleration.html
also here the info on quasi species

Drs. Larry Loeb and Jim Mullins of the University of Washington and John Essigmann of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Koronis’ scientific founders, hypothesized that by presenting HIV with an error-inducing nucleoside triphosphate substrate, the viral genome mutation rate could be pushed beyond the allowable range of diversity thus extinguishing the population (Proceedings National Academy of Sciences. USA (1999) 96:1492-1497).
« Last Edit: October 26, 2007, 07:12:45 PM by bimazek »

Offline bimazek

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #43 on: October 28, 2007, 02:59:03 PM »
next day..

i have had time to read the abstracts of the above science papers and I am even more excited by this new therapy

the optimistic view is the worse case senario is that the new med would be

- extremely powerful med to add to HAART -- studies linked above show this new med works with some first line therapys --- so that would be a great god send

- use as one of 3 in a triple cocktail or even be able to use as one of two in a dual cocktail

- use as a monotherapy in a once a week, once a day for a few months then off for a few months or a even year
the dosing could be very interesting and less toxic in alternatives

- use as a 4th med in a haart combo for persons with failing reg., this could be like a major power for these people  (kind of like noravir is used now)

- use as a monotherapy at normal once a day one pill one med regiem with low side effects
(reason this has low low side effects is shown in the links above)

some of this is guesses and hopeful thinking but i truly believe from all i have read about this now that worst case we have something very very good and exciting on our hands

look how fast it got into clinical trials

best case -- you take it for 6 mo or a year or two years --- and then can go off meds and have undetectable and good t cells that do not fall for years...  heck i am seeing that already with a friend on haart, he was on haart right after exposer for 5 years -- now they took him off and for one year his numbers stayed and are still undetectable and 800 tcells

so i think that is what we are looking at some very very good possibilities

low low toxicity
strong potentator for exisiting or resistant
good dosing

the reasons i feel so optimistic is the molecular biology and the ingeneous way this med changes one base pair amino acid and sometimes presents one amino othertimes presents another amino -- see animation link above --  this is a wonderful trojan horse type model

if the list of cities is not one of your cities then please go to clinical trials. gov website and type in the clinical trial code above and see if there are other cities near you

esp. if you have failing or problems with meds

this one in my humble opinion will be as big as protease inhibitors, a revolution on the treatment of this disease

and the finest achievement of a nobel prize math physics wiz

Mr Eigen

from germany i think or usa

 
« Last Edit: October 28, 2007, 03:01:40 PM by bimazek »

Offline bimazek

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #44 on: November 05, 2007, 02:18:24 PM »
there is a talk tonight on this in san diego by Dr. Susan Little
they are doing a trial on this at ucsd

but most big cities in usa are doing trial

try to get in if you are

1.  on failing regiment
or
2. have some big resistance

3 have over 250 t cels

4  have been off meds for 1 or 2 months

this is a big deal

most all gay hubs in USA have this trial

this could be a major breakthru and with low side effects

worth a try



Offline keyite

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #45 on: November 20, 2007, 06:15:21 PM »
There is now a Flash animation available which illustrates exactly how KP-1461 works. It is an utterly fascinating drug and, whether or not it ultimately makes viral eradication possible, I think it looks very likely it will revolutionise the world of HAART.

Offline J220

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #46 on: November 21, 2007, 08:43:53 AM »
There is now a Flash animation available which illustrates exactly how KP-1461 works. It is an utterly fascinating drug and, whether or not it ultimately makes viral eradication possible, I think it looks very likely it will revolutionise the world of HAART.

Wow, that's one kick ass animation....anyone that hasn't seen it check it out.

http://www.koronispharma.com/flash/video.html
"Hope is my philosophy
Just needs days in which to be
Love of Life means hope for me
Born on a New Day" - John David

Offline ronaldinho

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #47 on: November 21, 2007, 12:10:12 PM »
The expected completion date of the trial is july 2008. Only then we will able to see is this drug has "in vivo" antiviral activity.

http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00504452?term=kp+1461&rank=1

Offline J220

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #48 on: November 21, 2007, 09:10:02 PM »
Excellent...look forward to the results of this!
"Hope is my philosophy
Just needs days in which to be
Love of Life means hope for me
Born on a New Day" - John David

Offline hahaha

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Re: Phase II Studies of New Approach to Treating HIV
« Reply #49 on: November 21, 2007, 11:48:16 PM »
The expected completion date of the trial is july 2008. Only then we will able to see is this drug has "in vivo" antiviral activity.

http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00504452?term=kp+1461&rank=1
If they are still recruiting people, and the med shall be taken for 124 days, then it may be a bit difficult to complete the trial in July.
I am very willing to put myself on trial, but I do not fit in the criteria.  Wondering if any reader here fall in that category, and would like to give a try? 
Aug 9, 2006 Get infected in Japan #$%^*
Oct 2006 CD4 239
Nov 2006 CD4 299 VL 60,000
Dec 1, Sustiva, Ziagan and 3TC
Jan 07, CD4 400

 


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