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Author Topic: Sangamo's CCR5 Gene Therapy moving to Phase 1  (Read 2704 times)

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Offline NYCguy

  • Member
  • Posts: 180
Sangamo's CCR5 Gene Therapy moving to Phase 1
« on: June 08, 2007, 02:48:53 PM »
I've been watching this company for a while now and it looks like they are finally getting somewhere.  Carl June will be heading the research, which I think bodes extremely well.  Another nice thing about it, as I understand it, is that the treament only involves an injection and no dialysis-type blood recycling like other gene therapies. 

Basically, this treatment makes the t-cells CCR5 resistant permanently, like a very small percentage of the population already is - who have shown to be hiv-resistant.  It wouldn't work if your virus had troped to another receptor and there is still debate about whether or not this would be more or less likely to happen after treatment.  But at the very least, it would make treatment unnessary for a long time - I doubt it would be a cure though.

Love to hear thoughts on this.

http://biz.yahoo.com/prnews/070606/aqw239.html?.v=2

Sangamo BioSciences Presents First ZFP Therapeutic Data Demonstrating in Vivo Protection Against HIV

Wednesday June 6, 4:10 pm ET 
Preclinical animal model shows ZFN-modified T-cells engraft and are protected from HIV infection


RICHMOND, Calif., June 6 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Sangamo BioSciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: SGMO - News) announced the presentation of data from its program to develop a zinc finger DNA-binding protein (ZFP) Therapeutic(TM) for HIV/AIDS that demonstrate that ZFN-modified human T-cells are protected from HIV infection and have a selective survival advantage in a mouse model of HIV challenge. In the second half of 2007, Sangamo expects to initiate a Phase 1 clinical trial to test this HIV ZFP Therapeutic, working with Dr. Carl June, Director of Translational Research at the Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute and collaborators at the University of Pennsylvania.
ADVERTISEMENT
 
 
Sangamo's ZFP nuclease (ZFN(TM)) technology can be used to make human primary T-cells resistant to HIV infection by permanently modifying the DNA sequence encoding CCR5, an essential co-receptor for the entry of HIV into immune cells. Individuals have been identified who carry a natural mutation of the CCR5 gene, CCR5-delta32, which confers resistance to HIV infection. HIV infection kills or impairs cells of the immune system, progressively destroying the body's ability to fight infections resulting in AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Individuals diagnosed with AIDS are susceptible to life-threatening diseases or opportunistic infections, which are caused by microbes that usually do not cause illness in people with healthy immune systems. Sangamo's initial approach is to modify the CCR5 gene in T-cells to provide patients with a reservoir of ZFN-modified HIV-resistant immune cells that can fight opportunistic infections and the virus itself.

"Scientists from Sangamo Biosciences approached me with an extraordinary proposition," stated Dr. June. "They told me that they had the means to create CD4+ T-cells with permanent modification of the CCR5 gene and a robust resistance to HIV infection. This exciting collaboration, involving my colleagues at the University of Pennsylvania and the team of scientists at Sangamo has rapidly progressed from that idea to data demonstrating that ZFN modified cells are HIV resistant and have a selective survival advantage when reintroduced into an animal. This is consistent with our aim of reconstituting a functional HIV-resistant immune system in patients infected with the virus.

"This is the first presentation of in vivo data from our program to develop a ZFP Therapeutic for the treatment of HIV, and it is significant that these animal data confirm our earlier observations in isolated cells," stated Dale Ando, M.D., Sangamo's vice president of therapeutic development and chief medical officer. "Previously, we had shown that ZFN-modified primary human T-cells are resistant to HIV infection not only surviving continuous exposure to HIV but selectively expanding in cell culture to the point that they represented the vast majority of cells in the population at the end of the experiment. In these more recent data we show that that observation holds true when these HIV-resistant cells are tested in a mouse model of HIV infection and demonstrate that after ZFN-modification the cells are stable and have a selective advantage in the presence of HIV."

In the experiments presented by Dr. June and Sangamo scientist, Michael Holmes, Ph.D., isolated human T-cells were treated with ZFNs specific for CCR5. The modified cells were infused into a mouse model, the NOG mouse, with or without a source of HIV. The NOG mouse lacks an immune system and thus does not reject the human cells. After 33 days, the mice were sacrificed and their blood analyzed for the presence of ZFN-modified cells. Researchers determined that ZFN-modified cells engrafted normally in the mouse and that the proportion of modified cells present at the end of the experiment was statistically significantly higher in mice in the presence of HIV infection (p=0.008). These data suggest that, in the presence of HIV, the ZFN-modified cells have a selective advantage and evade HIV infection and destruction.

"These animal data are very encouraging as we prepare to initiate a Phase 1 clinical trial in HIV/AIDS with this ZFP Therapeutic in the second half of 2007," stated Edward Lanphier, Sangamo's president and CEO. "By administering ZFNs to patients' T-cells, the goal is to provide HIV-infected individuals with a reservoir of healthy and uninfectable immune cells that would be available to combat opportunistic infections and HIV itself. We believe that using ZFNs to permanently modify the CCR5 gene in T-cells and thus directly block HIV from entering cells may have a number of advantages over the systemic effects of CCR5 antagonists in development."

The data were presented on June 1, 2007 at the 10th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Gene Therapy (ASGT), which was held in Seattle, Washington. In addition to Dr. Holmes' presentation, which was selected for the prestigious Presidential Symposium, Sangamo scientists and collaborators presented data in six oral presentations and three posters describing preclinical data from Sangamo's ZFP Therapeutic programs. These included programs in pain, nerve crush and spinal cord injury, macular degeneration and glioblastoma. In addition, Sangamo sponsored a Symposium chaired by Donald Kohn, M.D., Director, Gene, Immune and Stem Cell Therapy Program at Children's Hospital Los Angeles, which featured the following presentations:


    -- ZFPs as Therapeutics - Applications and Advantages of the Technology
       -- Philip Gregory, D. Phil., Vice President, Research, Sangamo
          BioSciences, Inc.
    -- Therapeutic Applications of a ZFP TF activator of VEGF-A
       -- Dale Ando, M.D., CMO and Vice President, Therapeutic Development,
          Sangamo BioSciences, Inc.
    -- ZFN Mediated Disruption of CCR5 to Create CCR5 deficient CD4 Cells for
       HIV Therapy
       -- Carl June, M.D., Director, Translational Research, Abramson Family
          Cancer Research Institute, University of Pennsylvania School of
          Medicine
    -- Gene Editing & Site-Specific Gene Addition in Human Stem Cells Using
       ZFN and Integrase-Defective Lentiviral Vectors
       -- Luigi Naldini, M.D., Ph.D., Professor of Cell and Tissue Biology,
          School of Medicine, Scientific Co director, The San Raffaele
          Telethon Institute for Gene Therapy (HSR-TIGET)
    -- Engineering Cellular Scalpels for Excising Invasive Tumor Cells of
       Malignant Glioma
       -- Michael Jensen, M.D., Associate Chairman, Division of Cancer
          Immunotherapeutics and Tumor Immunology, Beckman Research Institute,
          City of Hope

A replay of the Symposium is available on Sangamo's website in the Investor section under Events and Presentations and can be accessed via the following link http://w.on24.com/r.htm?e=52463&s=1&k=A279AD2E58B632D476492DD174991D6C.

About Sangamo

Sangamo BioSciences, Inc. is focused on the research and development of novel DNA-binding proteins for therapeutic gene regulation and modification. The most advanced ZFP Therapeutic(TM) development program is currently in Phase 2 clinical trials for evaluation of safety and clinical effect in patients with diabetic neuropathy. Phase 1 clinical trials are ongoing to evaluate a ZFP Therapeutic for peripheral artery disease. Other therapeutic development programs are focused on cancer and HIV/AIDS, neuropathic pain, nerve regeneration, ischemic heart disease and monogenic diseases. Sangamo's core competencies enable the engineering of a class of DNA-binding proteins known as zinc finger DNA-binding proteins (ZFPs). By engineering ZFPs that recognize a specific DNA sequence Sangamo has created ZFP transcription factors (ZFP TF(TM)) that can control gene expression and, consequently, cell function. Sangamo is also developing sequence-specific ZFP Nucleases (ZFN(TM)) for therapeutic gene modification as a treatment for a variety of monogenic diseases, such as X-linked SCID and hemophilia, and for infectious diseases, such as HIV. Sangamo has established several Enabling Technology Agreements with companies to apply its ZFP Technology to enhance the production of protein pharmaceuticals. For more information about Sangamo, visit the company's web site at http://www.sangamo.com.

This press release may contain forward-looking statements based on Sangamo's current expectations. These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, references to the research and development of novel ZFP TFs and ZFNs as ZFP Therapeutics, applications of Sangamo's ZFP TF technology platform and clinical trials of ZFP Therapeutics. Actual results may differ materially from these forward-looking statements due to a number of factors, including technological challenges, uncertainties relating to the initiation and completion of stages of ZFP Therapeutic clinical trials, Sangamo's ability to develop commercially viable products and technological developments by our competitors. See the company's SEC filings, and in particular, the risk factors described in the company's Annual Report on Form 10-K and its most recent 10-Q. Sangamo BioSciences, Inc. assumes no obligation to update the forward-looking information contained in this press release.




11/9/06 = #$%^&!
sometime early Dec 2006:
CD4 530 20%/VL >250,000 (&*$$%!!)
started Reyataz300mg/Norvir/Truvada 12-27-06.
1/30/07 CD4 540 30%/VL <400
4/07 CD4 600+ 33%/VL <50
6/9/07 CD4 720 37%/VL <50
10/15/07 CD4 891 (!) %? VL <50
1/2010 CD4 599 (37%) VL<50 (drop due to acute HCV)
9/2010 - looks like HCV is gone for good! And I'm finally drinking again, thank GOD
2013 - considering a switch to Stribild. but I love my Kidneys (but I hate farting all the time!)...
June 2013 - switched to Stribild.  so far so good...

Offline bimazek

  • Member
  • Posts: 781
Re: Sangamo's CCR5 Gene Therapy moving to Phase 1
« Reply #1 on: June 08, 2007, 03:39:59 PM »

very great stuff here

zinc alone is an extremely powerful element biologically speaking

i always wondered what was the biology behind zinc oxide and how it actually heals a lip wound from sun exposure or a virus lip wound, it actually heals it fast, perhaps in a localized infection like a cold sore, sun sore, or herpes on lip, the zinc can act similarly and stop the insertion of new viruses into cells

zinc rules

and lifeguards look hot with it on the lips

Offline hahaha

  • Member
  • Posts: 123
Re: Sangamo's CCR5 Gene Therapy moving to Phase 1
« Reply #2 on: June 08, 2007, 10:31:56 PM »
I am not that optimistic about this therapeutic method. For 2 reasons:
1.  HIv can mutate, there will be CXCR4 type instead of CCR5 type.  Which will cause neuro issues.  Even this CCR5 works, there is still a possibility of CXCR4 type goes to other part of you body.

2.  I guess a recent post (yesterday?) found that the virus may transfer by white cell "contact" with each other.   If that is the case, a even your CCR5 has been modified, it still can not stop the virus from transfering, am I right? :-\
Aug 9, 2006 Get infected in Japan #$%^*
Oct 2006 CD4 239
Nov 2006 CD4 299 VL 60,000
Dec 1, Sustiva, Ziagan and 3TC
Jan 07, CD4 400

Offline Central79

  • Member
  • Posts: 527
Re: Sangamo's CCR5 Gene Therapy moving to Phase 1
« Reply #3 on: June 09, 2007, 06:18:40 AM »
Thanks for posting this. An interesting approach - it will be good to see how it works out. Considering how effective maraviroc has been shown to be, I think this looks like a good therapeutic option for HIV+ people. I think you're right though and it's not going to be a cure.

If they could do something similar with CXCR4 as well, then the virus would be truly shafted. It wouldn't matter if it changed tropism. I'm not sure of the normal role of CXCR4 though, and whether there are people walking around without any of them, as for CCR5.

M.
Diagnosed January 2006
26/1/06 - 860 (22%), VL > 500,000
24/4/06 - 820 (24.6%), VL 158,000
13/7/06 - 840 (22%), VL 268,000
1/11/06 - 680 (21%), VL 93,100
29/1/07 - 1,020 (27.5%), VL 46,500
15/5/07 - 1,140 (22.8%), VL not done.
13/10/07 - 759 (23.2%), VL 170,000
6/11/07 - 630 (25%), VL 19,324
14/1/08 - 650 (21%), VL 16,192
15/4/08 - 590 (21%), VL 40, 832

Offline NYCguy

  • Member
  • Posts: 180
Re: Sangamo's CCR5 Gene Therapy moving to Phase 1
« Reply #4 on: June 13, 2007, 12:49:04 AM »
yes, the CXCR4 issue is a big one, but apparently enough people have CCR5 type that it could be very effective.  My understanding is that tropism occurs later in disease progression, but perhaps if the virus was controlled early on, it wouldn't trope. I think this is one of those not well understood issues that is just starting to be looked into because there is just starting to be a sampling of people who have been around for a while on modern meds who have had VL controlled from the beginning.  The nice thing about this treatment is that it only requires one or several injections - at least that's what I've gleaned so far.

The other interesting thing the article points out is that people with this natural mutation have been shown to be resistant to multiple exposures, so who knows, maybe they'll end up using this as a kind of preventative vaccine for extremely high-risk popluations?  And again, perhaps if the majority of ones cells are able to be converted, maybe it could control the virus to the point it wouldn't trope.  It's true, however, that people with mostly CXCR4 virus would not be helped and I think they wouldn't be helped by maraviroc either.

I'm talking bit out of my butt here (rather be doing something else with it!) so shoot me down if I'm not making sense.
11/9/06 = #$%^&!
sometime early Dec 2006:
CD4 530 20%/VL >250,000 (&*$$%!!)
started Reyataz300mg/Norvir/Truvada 12-27-06.
1/30/07 CD4 540 30%/VL <400
4/07 CD4 600+ 33%/VL <50
6/9/07 CD4 720 37%/VL <50
10/15/07 CD4 891 (!) %? VL <50
1/2010 CD4 599 (37%) VL<50 (drop due to acute HCV)
9/2010 - looks like HCV is gone for good! And I'm finally drinking again, thank GOD
2013 - considering a switch to Stribild. but I love my Kidneys (but I hate farting all the time!)...
June 2013 - switched to Stribild.  so far so good...

Offline powerpuff

  • Member
  • Posts: 138
Re: Sangamo's CCR5 Gene Therapy moving to Phase 1
« Reply #5 on: June 13, 2007, 02:20:39 PM »
so is phase 1 like human trials smallm group.
ahhh so if one was injected with this gene therapy it would slow progression.
like the  people who have a natural resistance.
not a cure  from what i understand.
my big question is since these new treatments are coming out when they are available to the public is another story.
second if one participated in a trial like this to slow progression.....can one later participate in another down the road ...like the gene therapy...or would that totally mess up things ???  ???

Offline NYCguy

  • Member
  • Posts: 180
Re: Sangamo's CCR5 Gene Therapy moving to Phase 1
« Reply #6 on: June 13, 2007, 04:34:27 PM »
phase 1 would definitely be human.  they are planning to apply to begin trials in 2007, which means probably 2008 before they start (previously they were saying trials would start in 2007).  It's not really known how well it would work, but at worst it would seem to be like a permanent marirovic w/out pills.  I think it's not technically gene therapy, but is something akin to it.

In terms of being kept out of other trials - this is another big issue.  one guy whose postings I read on the old forums (which I still can't find!) who was in the phase 1 of the tril Appleboy is doing - the 1 guy who it didn't work for - was fuming that he was being kept out of future trials....
11/9/06 = #$%^&!
sometime early Dec 2006:
CD4 530 20%/VL >250,000 (&*$$%!!)
started Reyataz300mg/Norvir/Truvada 12-27-06.
1/30/07 CD4 540 30%/VL <400
4/07 CD4 600+ 33%/VL <50
6/9/07 CD4 720 37%/VL <50
10/15/07 CD4 891 (!) %? VL <50
1/2010 CD4 599 (37%) VL<50 (drop due to acute HCV)
9/2010 - looks like HCV is gone for good! And I'm finally drinking again, thank GOD
2013 - considering a switch to Stribild. but I love my Kidneys (but I hate farting all the time!)...
June 2013 - switched to Stribild.  so far so good...

 


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